Tuesday, 4 May 2010


The following information is provided by the Clinical Sciences Library Officer Paul Cavanagh:

What should be referenced?:

You must acknowledge and credit the work of another individual or organisation used within your assignments, including:

• Published material, either in print or online, e.g.

– Books

– Articles in journals

– Information on websites

• Non-written works, e.g.

– Presentations and lecture notes – use with caution! Use published information where possible

• Other people’s work, e.g.

– The work of other DMU students, students at another institution or contracted third parties

For more information, please see the How To Avoid Plagiarism guide

For the avoiding plagiarism information, I’ve distinguished between accidental or unintentional plagiarism (where sources haven’t been cited or referenced properly) and deliberate and intentional plagiarism (where sources have deliberately been presented as the author’s own ideas).

Avoiding plagiarism and bad academic practice:

• “Plagiarism can be defined as the significant use of other people's work and the submission of it as though it were one's own in assessed coursework”

– “Bad Academic Practice can be:

– Accidental: low level duplication without citation for example errors made through carelessness or misunderstanding

– Deliberate: the passing off of ideas, data or other information as if originally discovered by the student.”

Taken from DMU Academic Regulations -